From SéC. - XNUMXth century)
The ItáC leC).
The city-nephew (doubling moreover: by his birth and by his marriage with a niece of Trajan). This does not, however, make Trajan the first emperor really from a province: his family was Italian, settled in Hispalis among other colonists and veterans of the armies.
The most important vestiges of this time? The site of Itálica and its superb mosaics.
The crisis experienced by the Roman Empire in the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries paves the way for great invasions of the Germanic "barbarians". After the surge of the Vandals, the Visigoths, called to the rescue by the Romans to fight these invaders, settled in the region. It was under their reign, from the XNUMXth to the XNUMXth century, that Christianity took hold in the region. But, undermined by internal dissensions and power struggles, the Visigothic kingdom is no match for the determined arrival of the Muslim caliphs from northern Africa.
Seville the Moorish (711 - XNUMXth century)
Tariq ibn Ziyad crosses the deAndalus will be the new name of his kingdom. After 711, he ascends the Guadalquivir and reaches Cordoba, which quickly becomes the center of this kingdom and a flourishing city, both economically and culturally. The Muslim expansion does not stop there: in 719, they will already be in Barcelona! But this is another story...
Still, dèAndalus is an intéRahman part there proclaims an ÉRahman III erects him to the rank of caliphate to complete his independence.
C & rsquoAndalus and Cordoba, which will lose power and will be mined in Mansur in 1002. It is then the multiplication of taifas, small independent kingdoms, which allows Seville to stand out: under the Abbadid dynasty (XNUMXth century), it is a powerful and prosperous kingdom which is erected, and the city becomes one of the jewels of European architecture.
Meanwhile, at Andalus. Then arrive the Almohads, who, towards Andalus: Seville becomes their capital. They are the ones who will build the 1st Alcázar and a huge mosque, whose minaret is the current Giralda.
Their victory was short-lived since from 1212, the Christian Reconquista won the decisive victory of Las Navas de Tolosa, before seizing all the west of Andalusia, Seville included. Only the powerful kingdom of Granada will hold out for some time (2 centuries) ... Seville does not lose to the change, on the contrary: it supplants Cordoba and Ferdinand, King of Castile, made the capital of all the reconquered Andalusian lands.
From the Spanish Golden Age to the Great Decline (XNUMXth - XNUMXth centuries)
When, at the American. They display their opulence by building superb churches and sumptuous palaces, to the delight of today's travelers. Purity of Moorish art and Mudejar style - a mixture of Gothic and Muslim art -, freshness of azulejo, harmonious marriage of stone and plants (the gardens), mastery of light and heat (the patios), the charm of Seville is like good wines, it gets better with time. Religious, economic and artistic capital of the empire of Charles V, excuse the little ...
She is right about 1810 ... but the Napoleonic army ends up having the upper hand. The city then fell back into gloom, shaken by peasant revolts.
The slow awakening of the XNUMXth century
The twentieth American century of 1929 gives it a little shine (and cover it with new infrastructures that are still alive, such as the Plaza de España, the María Luisa Park or the Hotel Alfonso XIII). But the global economic context (the famous crisis of 1929) weighs down the atmosphere ...
1936 was another sadly notable date in the history of the city, which Franco's army attacking working-class neighborhoods to take possession of the city. It only regained a decisive place among the European capitals in the 1970s. when Andalusia acquired the status of a community in 1982, Seville naturally became its capital. Finally, thanks to the 1992 Universal Exhibition, it is modernizing its infrastructure (airport, hotels) and continuing to develop.
Although hard hit by the crisis of 2007, with in particular an explosive unemployment rate, like all of Andalusia, Seville is raising its head. Flamenco has never done so well there, and the mild climate, as well as the harmony of its architecture, continue to attract visitors who, throughout the year, help to keep alive and shine through this city with many faces, those of a past as rich as it is agitated.