Climate and weather Finland
Still benefiting from the influence of the Atlantic and the Gulf Stream, the country enjoys a relatively temperate climate for its latitude. Okay, we have to put it into perspective.
L'hiver is cold (- 30 ° C in Lapland is not exceptional) and lasts between 5 months (in the South) and 7 months (in the North).
Le spring is short.
Between early June and early August, Finland is on vacation, the crowds flock to the southern beaches and the northern trails, the thermometer exceeds 20 ° C during the day (sometimes even 30 ° C, and up to 37 ° C in Joensuu in July 2010!), berries grow in quintals, mosquitoes hatch by the millions. The evenings, although sunny, can be chilly. As of August 15, tourists and mosquitoes are scarce, cruise ships remain in port, campsites begin to close and the freshness returns. It is the height of blueberry season, but the nights can sometimes be freezing in Lapland.
Autumn, ruska, begins in September in Lapland (nature is colored red and orange in a magical way) and extends to the South a month later. Snow follows, a few weeks later.
The high season ofhiver begins in February, cross-country and touring skiers invade forests and frozen lakes until the end of March in the South and the end of April in the North.
Then the sun comes back. In Lapland, the good year.
But beware, even if the averages are fairly stable, the weather can change dramatically overnight. You can find 5 ° C in January, hail and frost in June. 10 ° C in summer, that's nothing unusual, so ... plan more than a little wool!
The weather can be extremely variable, especially in the North. Many tourist offices and almost all nature centers display the local bulletin of the National Meteorological Institute at the entrance.
Below, we give you as an indication (it varies by one or two days, from one year to the next) the dates on which the midnight sun is visible in Lapland, with the corresponding northern latitude:
- Utsjoki 69 ° 52 'from May 17 to July 27
- Ivalo 68 ° 40 'from May 22 to July 21
- Sodankylä 67 ° 25 'from May 30 to July 14
- Rovaniemi 66 ° 30 'from June 6 to July 7
- Kuusamo 65 ° 59 'from June 12 to 30
- Kemi 65 ° 45 'from June 18 to 25
Conversely, the sun disappears entirely in Utsjoki for more than 7 weeks, usually from November 26 to January 17. It is the period of polar night (kaamos).
Northern lights in Lapland
The most notable natural phenomenon in the region is the Northern Lights. You will hear them call northern lights in English and revontuli in Finnish, which translates to ... "fox fire".
This phéci is weakened at the level of the two pôci is without clouds.
The best time to observe them is from February to April, when the nights are long and the sky is often clear.
If you see the sky suddenly set ablaze, you shouldn't take the time to run around looking for friends or a camera: the aurora borealis first has a short dynamic phase. An immense green and orange band continues to widen, fleetingly coloring itself with turquoise and blood red. It is only after a few minutes that the conflagration will set in and you will be able to go get your device equipped with its tripod and preferably a wide-angle lens.
- See the article on the Northern Lights