Traditions and customs Croatia
Religions and beliefs
Croatia is a strongly Catholic. Since the fall of the communist system which had banned it, at least officially, religion has resumed a very important place in both the private and public spheres. According to the most recent surveys, 87,8% of the population define themselves as Catholic, while only 4,4% declare themselves Orthodox and 1,3% Muslims, the rest of the population declaring themselves without faith or religion. another religion.
The liberalization of the 1980s had already led to a strong growth in baptisms and religious marriages. This recrudescence of Catholicism in Yugoslavia was crowned by a strange phenomenon. 1 year after Tito's death, the Virgin appears in Međugorje, a village in the highlands of Herzegovina. Every 25 of the month, she delivers her message and attracts crowds of pilgrims, even if the phenomenon is not recognized by the Vatican.
With the war, the message of the Virgin of Međugorje took a more politico-religious turn, the Franciscans of the parish attesting that this one fought with the Croatian people. The HDZ, which was in power at the time of Tu l'époqueman in Croatia, benefited from the support of the Church to implement its policy. The religious authorities have in fact only weakly denounced the many human rights violations perpetrated by the authorities in place. However, the Church had reacted to the policy practiced in Bosnia.
Since 1997, the Church has distanced itself somewhat, and the Archbishop of Zagreb, Josip Bozanić, has denounced certain practices of power, particularly in matters of corruption. We can also underline the role of the Vatican in its support for the independence of Croatia and the political affirmation of the young republic.
Pope John Paul II's visit to Paul II, however, raised heated debates. This former Archbishop of Zagreb is indeed one could not be more controversial since, during the Second World War, while publishing letters condemning the persecutions of Serbs and Jews, he continued to recognize the power in place.
The number of mural graffiti evoking this subject attests to the importance assumed by the Church in Croatian political life. In 2009, Stipe Mesić (president from 2000 to 2009) asked the Croatian Church to stay in his place, finding it too interventionist in the political field, and drew the wrath of the episcopate who criticized him for not being a good Catholic ...
The Church always keeps a strong influence. This referendum, organized with its support, at the end of 2013, which led to the prohibition in the Constitution of same-sex marriage attests to this.