Recommended routes Montenegro
Difficult to explore the country a little seriously in less than a week. Those with more time will plan 10 days, or even two weeks, which will allow them to travel inland as well as the coast and afford some beautiful hikes and excursions on one side or the other.
Bay of Kotor
The main tourist area of Montéroses, with palm trees and mimosas. The Adriatic juts out so deep into the mountain range that the region enjoys a microclimate.
Deep in the bay, the small town of Kotor s & rsquoretour) to the summit which, at 240 m, offers a sumptuous panorama. The medieval center, typical of cities born on the shores of the Adriatic between the 1979th and 16th centuries, was restored after the earthquake of 20 and classified as a Unesco World Heritage Site. A maze of alleys and small squares is sheltered behind powerful walls, the foundation of which dates back to the Byzantines. Reinforced by the Venetians, they are in places XNUMX m thick and XNUMX m high! The aim was to protect this prosperous port from the Turkish appetites, a lock on the Dalmatian coast. We will see in particular the catholic cathedral Saint Tryphon, the museum of the Navy and the small Romanesque church Sveti Luka.
The ports of the bay, west of Kotor. When Peter the Great deNicolas (XNUMXth century) and the villas of captains. Opposite the port, two éDame-du-Rocher is artificial, that of Saint-Georges natural. Further to C., preserves Roman mosaics.
From Kotor, a small very narrow road completes the tour of the bay passing through Tivat, the ferry point of departure allowing to quickly reach Herceg Novi. This spa resort, renowned for its mild climate and its green setting, retains part of its ramparts as well as several bastions. You enter the heart of the old town, built on the hillside, through a Turkish gate surmounted by a Venetian clock tower. A long flight of steps leads, below, to the main square filled with restaurant terraces. Tucked away, the Savina Monastery, founded in 1030, was rebuilt by the Venetians in Baroque style. There are beautiful beaches in Porto, Dobrec and Cuba Libre, all of which enjoy the blue flag.
The Adriatic coast of Montenegro
23 km south of Kotor, Budva, very lively in summer, is the most important seaside resort on the Montenegrin coast. The picturesque old town, completely rebuilt after the 1979 earthquake, occupies a small peninsula surrounded by 17th century ramparts - which you can almost completely walk through by the charming rampart walk. Budva is also a popular health resort and has some XNUMX beaches. That of Milocer, a few kilometers to the south, very pretty, is half hidden by the vegetation and the cliffs which emphasize the coast. Shortly after, the coastal road delivers an impressive panorama of Sveti Stefan. The old fortified fishing village, established in the 1960th century on a peninsula linked to the mainland by a simple dike, was transformed into a luxury hotel in the XNUMXs. It can be accessed to visit the area. A little further, Petrovac has other beautiful beaches, as well as a Venetian fortress (XNUMXth century).
Bar, the most important modern port in Montenegro, is connected to Italy by ferry. The gloomy architecture of the new town, inherited from the Communist era, should not obscure the remains of the upper town (Stari Bar), moored in the background, on the slopes of Mount Rumija (1 m). It seems to have been founded in the 593th century and retains a collection of partly abandoned medieval buildings. Bar is also known for its very old olive tree, which is said to be two thousand years old.
On the other side of Rumija, the skadar lake, the largest in the Balkans, is shared between Montenegro and Albania. Bordered by swamps and reed beds, it forms one of the most important habitats for aquatic birds in Europe and has been classified as a national park. Among the 270 species listed, we can observe herons, black ibis and the rare Dalmatian pelican, its mascot. Boat trips allow you to reach fishing villages and nearby islets, on which Orthodox monasteries were built in the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries.
Last town on the Montenegrin coast, Ulcinj spreads out on the hillside, near Albania. The slightly oriental atmosphere is perceptible in front of its large minarets. Only two doors allow access to the promontory of the old town: one at sea level, facing the pretty Mala plaza, another on the heights. To the east stretches the largest beach on the Adriatic coast, the Velika plaza (13 km), which ends in front of the estuary of the Bojana river, and a large and beautiful sandy island ( Ada Bojana), perfect for full tanning.
Symbol of the country, the mount Lovcen draws up his pancakes Kotor. Over the course of its 32 Montenegrin bishop and poet from the XNUMXth century.
The small road goes down towards Cetinje, the old capital, éPetar, centuries bishops. Multifunctional, it hosted the first Balkan press, the country's first school and a cannonball production workshop. The small palace of Biljarda, transformed into a museum, bears this name because it housed the only pool table in the whole country, brought at great expense from Vienna through the mountains! Opposite, the palace of Nicholas I (1870), the last Petrovic ruler, has been transformed into a national museum. Nicolas died in exile on the French Riviera in 1921, after the annexation of Montenegro by Serbia.
Podgorica, l & rsquo that of the city, telling its history, and that of contemporary art.
The great road leading to Niksic, to the north-west, provides access to the brilliant monastery of Ostrog, perched on the mountainside overlooking the valley of the Zeta river. Founded in the XNUMXth century by one of the four Montenegrin saints, it preserves its relics which attract a large number of pilgrims.
The mountains of northern Montenegro
Crossed by the eastern end of the Dinaric Alps, northern Montenegro, with its peaks, immense forests, lakes and deep canyons, is a true paradise for lovers of the great outdoors.
From Podgorica, the road goes up along the Moraca River, whose tumultuous waters have carved out a narrow and winding defile. Past the monastery of the same name, she reached Kolasin, an altitude resort (954 m) frequented by a large number of skiers in winter. An excursion consists of visiting the Biogradska Gora National Park, established in 1878 to preserve one of the last primary forests in Europe. Pines and firs reach nearly 50 m in height. You will not fail to put on your hiking boots to discover the glacial lakes with blue waters, in particular that of Biogradsko.
La Tara river, the longest in the country, forms towards the West a canyon as sinuous as it is impressive. The Montenegrins claim it would be second in the world after Colorado. It reaches 1 m deep! The countless waterfalls, rapids and gorges that intersect it alternate with quieter passages where the waters of a milky turquoise green sparkle. The beauty and virginity of the landscapes have earned the places a World Heritage List. The most beautiful panorama can be seen from the point of view of Curevac. Rafting and rafting are particularly popular.
To the west, the Tara crosses the Durmitor National Park, which includes vast swathes of primary thorny forest, five canyons, a multitude of caves and some fifty peaks over 2 m, including the Bobotov Kuk (000 m), the highest point in the chain. Most of the park's 2 glacial lakes invite you to stroll, starting with the famous Crno Jezero (the "black lake"), nestled at the foot of Mount Medjed. You can swim there in summer. It is easily accessed from Zabljak, the main resort in the region, at 1 m above sea level.