Practical life on site Israel, Palestine
GMT + 2. When it is 12 p.m. in Aviv. Israel and Palestine change schedules (winter and summer) a few days apart from Western Europe. And as the country is very east of where we live, the sun rises and sets earlier than in our regions (around 17 p.m. in autumn and 16 p.m. in winter).
As the schedules of the sites are often modeled on those of the sun, you have to organize yourself accordingly, and start your day fairly early from November to the end of February.
The voltage is 220 V. In principle, the plugs are identical to those used in Europe, no need for an adapter.
- Shops and stores: in principle, open Sunday to Thursday from 9 a.m. to 19 p.m. (some take a break from 13 p.m. to 16 p.m.). Supermarkets usually close at 22 p.m. All shops and services are closed during Shabbat, from Friday around 14 p.m. to Saturday evening or Sunday morning. Some stores or services also lower the curtain on Wednesdays.
Also note that:
- shops run by Muslims close on Fridays.
- Currency exchange offices: open Sunday to Thursday, 9 a.m. to 19 p.m., Friday 8:30 a.m. to 14 p.m. (or 15 p.m.). Closed Saturdays.
- The banks : in general, open from 8:30 a.m. to 13 p.m. (12 p.m. on Friday). Some open from 16 p.m. to 18 p.m., twice a week. On Saturdays, they are closed.
- Post offices: the main offices are open Sunday through Thursday from 8 a.m. to 18 p.m. and Friday from 8 a.m. to 12 p.m. Closed Saturdays. For “secondary” offices, some close on Wednesdays at 13:30 p.m. Others take a break from 12:30 p.m. to 15:30 p.m., twice a week.
- Museums : relatively variable from one museum to another. Roughly speaking, open Sunday to Thursday, 10 a.m. to 16 p.m. (or 18 p.m.), Friday until approximately 13 p.m. On Saturdays, they close around 14 p.m. or 15 p.m. or they don't open all day.
- Parks and nature reserves: on average, open every day, including Saturdays, from 8 a.m. to 17 p.m. (16 p.m. from October to April); closed 1 hour earlier on Fridays and the eve of public holidays.
Languages spoken in Israel
Since 2018 and the vote of the fundamental law on "nation of the Jewish people", only Hebrew is now the official language in Israel. Arabic is relegated to a "special status".
But you will have no difficulty making yourself understood in English, sometimes even in French, often in Russian, except in the Negev where everything is written in Hebrew (including road signs) and where the inhabitants rarely speak another language. .
Unique in history, vehicular Hebrew is a language which was not used for everyday life (but which remained read and written) for nearly 2 years, and which resurfaced thanks to the will of writers and linguists, the best known of which is certainly Eliezer Ben Yehuda. Their goal was to make Hebrew a national language again. This language is the language that Jews all over the world learn when they settle in Israel. With religion, Hebrew is the glue that has made it possible - and still does - to unite people who had little in common between them.
The 3 letter sequence (consonants).
A systèvoyelles appears in biblical texts, the liturgy, or even poetry.
Modern Hebrew, derived from biblical Hebrew and Aramaic commentaries on the Talmud, underwent a major restructuring at the end of the XNUMXth century in Russia and Poland.
In Hebrew, vowels are not written.
Close to the east. It was the language of Christ.
At present, Aramaic, which must be considered an almost dead language, is still practiced in Ma'aloula in Syria and in a few neighborhoods ... of New York. It is found in the liturgy of Eastern Christians and the Western Syrian Church (Jacobite), as well as in Kurdistan where the Jews used a dialect from Eastern Aramaic.
Languages spoken in Palestine
You will have no difficulty making yourself understood in English, but nothing prevents you from learning a few words of Arabic. It is the ideal way to get in touch with the population and then it always impresses your interlocutor.
We must distinguish between literary, classical, and even Koranic Arabic, official Arabic, that of the press, and idiomatic Arabic used both in Palestine, Jordan and Syria for daily relations (spoken language which varies according to region and social class). We speak in idiomatic Palestinian Arabic, but we write in classical Arabic.
With only 3 vowels (a, i, u) but 26 consonants, some of which are difficult to pronounce for us, Arabic, literary or dialectal, is a difficult language, orally and even more in writing, since vowels do not write. Impossible to pronounce a word if one does not know the rule which governs it and which indicates at the same time the location and the sound of the vowel.
Post in Israel
Can be recognized by its red logo representing a deer's head on a white background, supposed to symbolize the speed of service ... C Most post offices have a currency exchange counter.
Attention, for those who go to the West Bank, it is better to post your mail from Jerusalem or Israel, it will take much less time.
Post in Palestine
The Palestinian territories issue their own stamps, but be aware that a letter will take 3 to 6 weeks to be delivered to Europe, against 3 or 4 days from Israel and Jerusalem. The offices are normally open from 8 a.m. to 14:30 p.m. or 15 p.m.
Telephone in Israel
- From France to Israel D'Israë33 + numéàdire le numé From Israel to Do not forget that you must dial the area code before a landline number from a cell phone.
Telephone in Palestine
- From France to Palestine: dial 00 (dial tone From Palestine to France: dial 00-33 + dial the number From Palestine to Israel or from Palestine to Palestine: to call from one city to another, it is necessary to dial the city code.
Cell phone in Israel
You can use your own tévous with your operator on the conditions of use of your mobile abroad.
- Foreign packages included: some operators offer packages where 35 days of roaming per year are offered in the whole world. We can therefore combine several trips abroad without worrying about the invoice on return. Be careful, although SMS, MMS and calls are often unlimited, the internet connection is limited. Other operators offer outright roaming all year round to certain destinations.
- Band or quad band is not required in Israel. To ensure that your device is compatible with your destination, check with your operator.
- Buy a SIM card on site: an advantageous option for certain destinations. Just d & rsquoci is compatible. Then, cards to top up your communication credit can be easily bought in these same shops.
Mobile phone in Palestine
In the West Bank, the network is occupied by Jawwal and Wataniya.
Warning, a Palestinian SIM card does not work in Israel or Jerusalem. The reverse is not true, an Israeli SIM card works in Palestine, but the cost of the communication is more expensive and it will be impossible (except in Bethlehem with Cellcom) to buy a top-up.
- View the file on the mobile phone while traveling.