In 2010, Mexico is celebrating both the bicentenary of its independence and the centenary of the 1910 revolution. With the sense of celebration that we know ... And that's not all: 2011 will be, for its part, the year of Mexico in France. The opportunity to get to know this great Latin American country better ...
Two revolutions, one country
In Mexico, 2010 is a year to be marked with a milestone: the bicentenary of independence and centenary of the 1910 revolution are celebrated this fall. Two founding events in the history of this young country. Nothing less ! And, in Mexico, where the party is not taken lightly, birthdays are going to be celebrated as they should be.
Before talking about the program of events, here is a brief historical reminder ... The war of independence symbolizes the birth of the Mexican Nation. An authentic epic of which a priest, named Hidalgo, is at the origin. The 15 September 1810, inspired by the ideas of the Enlightenment, the intrepid man of the church, from the parish of Dolores, encourages the Mexican people to take up arms against the Spanish colonial government. It is the beginning of a guerrilla war which will last eleven years until the act of independence of Mexico, September 28, 1821. Farewell the colonists, and hello the Republic.
A century later, a new revolution broke out. After the re-election of the old dictator Porfirio Diaz, Francisco Madero, nicknamed the “apostle of the revolution”, calls for a general insurrection. We are the November 20 1910. Elected president in 1911, he was assassinated in 1913. A dictatorship and a civil war ensued. Peasant revolts (led by the famous Zapatistas!) Broke out across the country, assassinations and violence increased.
A new so-called “revolutionary” constitution was created in 1917. It notably abolished the system of haciendas, the large land holdings. But the “revolution” is not over… In the 2000s, the Partido Nacional Revolucionario took control of the country. Having become the Institutional Revolutionary Party (sic!), It will remain in power until the beginning of the XNUMXs, being ultimately not very… revolutionary!
Festivities in Mexico
These two revolutions, which hold a major place in Mexican history, are celebrated each year with great pomp according to a well-codified tradition.
September, the "month of the Fatherland", puts Mexico in jubilation. Folk celebrations and historical commemorations are required. On the night of September 15 to 16, the President of the Republic revives the cry of the priest Hidalgo and rings the bell of the National Palace (photo). The flag of Mexico rises, as the President shouts: “Viva Mexico! Viva Mexico! Viva Mexico! », Repeated by the crowd. The event attracts over 500 spectators each year. Throughout the month of September, national pride animates the cities: we taste traditional dishes and the Mariachis have a blast ...
The 20 November, for the anniversary of the Mexican revolution, there are civic and sporting parades that bring all the army and sports clubs to the streets. If the Mexico City parade is spectacular, all the cities organize demonstrations at different scales. The feast of the Revolution takes on a very special flavor in Chiapas. Schoolchildren from San Cristóbal de Las Casas, for example, parade in Zapatista costumes.
2011: year of Mexico in France
Will you take back a bit of Mexico in 2011? After China in 2004, Brazil in 2005 and Russia in 2010, the country will be in the spotlight next year in France. The Presidents of the French and Mexican Republic wished to celebrate the friendship between their two nations. A unique opportunity to discover the richness and diversity of Mexican culture: its music, its artistic production, but also its art of living and its gastronomy! There will be many shows, festivals and exhibitions, as will intellectual debates and conferences.
The program is not yet finalized, but some tempting events are already planned: major exhibition at the Musée d'Orsay, the Louvre and the Orangerie (Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera) in Paris, creation of a baroque opera in Versailles, party at Rio Loco in Toulouse, tribute to the Rencontres de la Photographie in Arles…
To prepare for your stay, consult our Mexico sheet.
Mexico Tourist Board