Louisiana geography and landscapes
The State of Louisiana covers an area of 125 km² (nearly a quarter of France). Baton Rouge, founded by the French in the XNUMXth century, is its capital. The face it presents is above all that of an industrial city, as evidenced by a huge oil refinery alongside the seaport.
- Orléans cane plantations along the River Road form a wilder nature: these wood or brick buildings are planted in a vegetation of oaks or cypresses.
The landscape of northern Louisiana, around Natchitoches, is less attractive: agricultural plains and industrial sites (mainly petroleum).
On the other hand, further south, around Lafayette, New Iberia and Houma, here is the Cajun country, the one that presents the most attractions with the bayous region and the prairie region.
La bayous region, concentrated around Lafayette and Grand Isle, is governed by the waters. Here, the Louisiana landscape is faithful to its eternal image of a green and wild country: alligators, crayfish and many cypress. swamps stretch endlessly between Baton Rouge and Lafayette. The arms of the river and the lakes thus form a gigantic labyrinth called the Atchafalaya Basin.
La prairie region (north and west of Lafayette) is, for its part, more peaceful.
- More info on the bayous
The Indians also call him "father of the waters". It is one of the most powerful rivers on the planet (its average flow rate is 20 m000 / s) and one of the longest. It carries an impressive volume of alluvium.
With the Missouri, a tributary of the right bank, it forms the 3rd cours d & rsquoci covers two-fifths of the United States and six times that of France!
The Mississippi Delta begins in East and New Orleans. 35 km from the extreme tip of Louisiana, the channel divides into three branches.
The main ones tributaries of Mississippi are Missouri, Ohio and Arkansas. From Saint Louis, it flows in an immense alluvial plain and can also experience strong floods.
Born in Minnesota, on the border of Canada, the Mississippi ends at an almost tropical latitude and thus makes the link between different worlds. He played a key role during the exploration and development of the great American plains, until the middle of the XNUMXth century. That is why the river is an important landmark for Americans. There are the territories east of the Mississippi and those to the west. Because it is generally from Saint Louis that immigrants left to conquer the West.
Today, it is still common to hear people say: "This is the oldest house west of the Mississippi", "the tallest building west of the Mississippi". And its symbolism of border remains present in the minds.
Subsequently, the establishment of a railway network, whose transverse tracks oriented from east to west underline the new strengths of the American economy, reduced the importance of the river. However, in the XNUMXth century, it was widely used for power generation, irrigation, and commercial shipping. To enable it to assume all its functions, it was necessary to concrete the banks, to dredge the bed, optimize the river, etc., which has harmed wildlife.
Moreover, Pollution reached significant levels in some places.