Jordan Identity Card
- Area: 92 300 km² Population: Capital city : Amman (3 million inhabitants).
- Official language : Arabic.
- Change : Jordanian dinar.
- Ré Sovereign: His Majesty Prince hey Religion: Islam.
- Â Average monthly salary: 300 JD. This is what a civil servant earns on average.
- Human development index (life expectancy, education, standard of living): 0,735. World rank: 95 out of 189.
- Unesco World Heritage Sites:
- East with the pyramids of Egypt;
- the Qsayr Amra, the most interesting of the desert castles, a former hunting lodge known for its original frescoes;
- Umm-er-Rasas, an archaeological site on the King's Road. It houses magnificent mosaics, and its classification recalls that Jordan has countless numbers of them, often very well preserved;
- the so-called protected area of the wadi Ram, as a “mixed natural and cultural site”;
- and finally, since 2015, the BéBaptiste site.
Unlike its Iraqi and Saudi neighbors, the Jordanian kingdom has very little oil.
- One of the country's sources of income remainsmining industry.
- But these are mainly thereal estate and les services which contribute to the good performance of the Jordanian economy. As well as textile, pharmaceutical and food industries, exports in these sectors making it possible to reduce the enormous structural deficit of the trade balance.
- The tourism is strongly Nepalestinian, attacks of September 11, 2001, 2nd Gulf War, Eyo crisis.
- Almost 15% of the kingdom's resources come from repatriation of currencies by the Jordanians who work in particular in the Gulf. A proportion that has decreased due to the return of expatriates to the country due to the crisis which is also affecting the Gulf countries.
- Theagriculture represents around 3% of GDP.
Stable growth ...
Since the deUnis have largely put their hand in the wallet. Arab countries and Europe also contribute, but to a lesser extent.
The kingdom is seen as the gateway to the Iraqi market, a position that earns it substantial profits. The king ensured the development of service activities (80% of total employment) and set up a vast program of economic liberalization. Its openness to foreign markets allows it to develop its exports and thus compensate for the weak regional prospects.
... despite a tense context
Jordan remains economically fragile due to its limited natural resources, the small size of its domestic market, high external debt and a particularly unfavorable geopolitical context.
The main problem facing the country is its energy supply. The state imports 95% of its energy. A dependence which weighs on diplomatic relations and on the purchasing power of households.
To this tension is added the massive influx of refugees.
La deterioration of living conditions continues to grow, while purchasing power is crumbling day by day.
With the conflicts in Iraq, in Yéfrontières in new camps, less secure. Jordan, having hosted Palestinian refugees since 1948, now pushes back to its border those who had settled in Syria before the war.
Criticism of the involvement of the Jordanian army in the international coalition against Daesh has given rise to protest movements, under the slogan "this war is not ours". But NGOs denounce the restrictions on freedom of expression, which concern any criticism of the king or the government, used to prohibit the broadcast of reports, including on matters which have only minor political significance.
NGOs also fear the implementation of new steps (not yet adopted) against civil society, which could prevent them from functioning properly in the future. The State Security Court, an exceptional jurisdiction, continues to deliver verdicts after trials deemed unfair. These repressive measures are justified by the government by political tensions and the fear of the strengthening of Salafist groups in the country, which go against the “national plan for human rights” launched in March 2016 by King Abdullah II.
A 10-year initiative, including certain provisions, such as the possibility for a suspect to be assisted by his lawyer upon arrest, or the fact of trying cases of torture in an ordinary court (and not a police court ), are eagerly awaited by associations.
The king's decision to dissolve the Assembly, in March 2016, allowed a renewal of deputies during the legislative elections in September, including 20 women elected out of 130, ie 5 more than the legal quota. A "breakthrough" which does not yet allow Jordanian society to evolve in this area.
Jordanian women must, in fact, face the persistence of "Honor killings". At least 26 women and girls were killed in these circumstances in 2016, as the law continues to observe culpable “leniency” in these cases.
NGOs also denounce the situation of the many "Domestic workers" from Asia, sometimes modern slaves from their Jordanian bosses.