Identity card Belgium
- Area: 30 528 km² Capital city : Brussels.
- Population: 11 inhabitants (550% urbanized Density Administrative and political divisions: 3 capital, the Ré Official languages : French, Dutch and German.
- Community Hope GDP per capita : 38 500 & euro Chô rate Index of human development : 0,881 (17th in the world).
- Ré Head of É Prime Minister : Alexander De Croo (since October 2020).
- Political formations: chrédéVLD). S & rsquoVA), the Flemish extreme right (Vlaams Belang) and the extreme left in Wallonia (PTB).
- UNESCO World Heritage Sites: les béPlace de Bruxelles Dame de Tourna workshops-museum Moretus (Antwerp) du-Luc, Bois-du-Cazier and Blégny.
2nd country in Europe for its low poverty rate, 10th in terms of GDP, Belgium is a prosperous country, but with very marked disparities.
The Walloon region
In 2017, Wallonia produced 23% of Belgian GDP, for 32% of its population on 55% of the country's surface area.
Le world of work, historically very organized in Wallonia, struggled with difficulty to maintain the advantages acquired in previous decades. Despite a economic and demographic decline, Wallonia is trying to reconvert its economy with medium-sized companies oriented towards new technologies.
In 2005, Wallonia launched an ambitious "Marshall plan" economic stimulus, with more than 1 billion euros in investments. The Walloon regional government hopes to counteract the harmful effects of a still high unemployment rate and a still difficult financial situation.
This plan was renewed in 2009 with an additional ecological component and, in 2015, it is towards a redeployment via the digital andcircular economy what will the 2,5 billion euros of the initial plan go.
But the public windfall has for too long developed a clientelist and extremely politicized culture. Too much of the population is either inactive or works in the public sector, which is only indirectly a generator of wealth.
Ce lack of responsible management of public finances is now financials (including Publifin, the most recent), at the center of the Walloon political debate on good governance.
Flanders has a desire for economic and political independence, more and more assertive.
De catholic tradition, Flanders experienced a population growth above the national average. Its economic development took place differently: deprived of natural resources, Flanders has always devoted itself to processing industries. For years, it has exercised a greater attraction to investors, a fact that it attributes to its multilingualism as well as to a dynamic regional policy, draining investments larger and more varied than Wallonia.
Le textile Its first date back to the Middle Ages is now the seat of a thriving synthetic fabric production activity.
Le port of Antwerp (the second in Europe after Rotterdam) allows, per year, the transport of tens of millions of tonnes of goods to its natural hinterland, Germany, France, Switzerland and Italy.
Le port of Zeebrugge accommodates 250 t supertankers. Flemish authorities and companies invest more in research and development.