The first inhabitants of what was to become our good old capital were the Parisii. It is not clear when they settled in C., perhaps 250 years ago, the Île de la Cité, Lucotetia (which would become Lutetia, the Lutetia of the Romans) was inhabited by this modest tribe of Celtic Gaul.
Do it. They are building southern markets, currently represented on rue Saint-Jacques - and a west-east axis, the decumanus, probably our rue Cujas. The city s'éGeneviève, where the Roman forum is installed.
In 360, the prefect of Gaul, Julien, becomes emperor.
The barbarians land
It was in the fifth century that Geneviève distinguished himself by galvanizing the inhabitants of Paris against the Huns. Attila left to exercise his talents elsewhere. All the same ! Sanctified since, Geneviève, we often forget, is the patron saint of Paris. The name of "Paris" replaces that of "Lutèce" at the end of the XNUMXth century.
In the XNUMXth century, Clovis, after having demolished in Soissons the last representative of the Roman authority and the head of the warrior who had broken his vase, decides to establish his capital. In 508, he chose Paris.
- Carolingians having there a small capital, withdrawn into the City.
Rise and expansion with the great kings
L'merchant activity of the boatmen of the Seine will give the city its rise. Their powerful corporation would be at the origin of the coat of arms of Paris with its ship and its motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur ("It is beaten by the waves but does not sink").
At the end of the XNUMXth century, the new king, Philippe Auguste, decided to strengthen the city's defenses. Great novelty, this stone rampart flanked by round towers will also encompass the left bank. It is there that, tired of the episcopal influence on teaching, the students decide to settle. It is the first sign of independence for Parisians.
In 1370, in order to adapt to the ever-growing area of the city and to replace thepregnant by Philippe Auguste, which was falling into ruins, Charles V had a new one built, the layout of which corresponded to that of our "Grands Boulevards" which today link the Bastille to the Madeleine. From then on, and during the following four centuries, theurbanization of Paris will be done in a planned.
Henri IV RéNeuf, drew up the plans for the Place Royale (the current Place des Vosges) and the Place Dauphine, and developed the Marais.
ÀXV, which became Place de la Concorde, after XVI in 1826, in memory of his execution here on January 21, 1793.
The farmers of geRochechouart, Antwerp, Pigalle, place Blanche, place de Clichy, etc.
Napoleon, some time later, brought to the capital the triumphal arches, the column of the Place Vendôme, the Madeleine, the Bourse and some additional bridges over the Seine.
If there is a character whose name should remain in Michel, Saint-Germain, Sébastopol, Voltaire, Diderot and Malesherbes, as well as those of Strasbourg, Magenta, de l'Hôpital and Boulevard Haussmann.
Due to hazardous real estate transactions and gigantic debts, Baron Haussmann was brutally dismissed from his post. Many works were never completed (the rue de Rennes fortunately never reached the Seine). Half of the streets remained under construction ... for 20 years!
The city of pleasures and the Parigots
Paris becomes the Ville Lumièhalls, performance halls and theaters were built from 1860 to 1910. Paris became the capital of the arts. We come from Russia or Argentina to party in Paris ...
At the initiative of Thiers, or new fortified enclosure, merging almost with the current limits of the city, partially protected Paris during its siege in 1871. It was razed at the end of the First World War to make way for the outer boulevards, still called boulevards des Maréchaux.
After the armistice of 1918, a some social fusion, unique in the world, characterizes the capital. It's a whole state of mind imbued with accordion, ball musette and the underworld, girls and pimps who revolve around it. On screen, he took on the features of Arletty and Louis Jouvet in Hôtel du Nord ...
Between the two wars, Paris merges with its suburbs, and the Popular Front created social housing at the gates of the capital. The metro network is expanding.