History and key dates Boston
The origins of Boston
Populated before the arrival of Europeans by the Algonquin Indians, the capital of Massachusetts became, somewhat by chance, the cradle of modern America. While docking in 1620 in Plymouth, in the southern vicinity of Boston, the Mayflower and its 102 settlers (including 41 Puritans who were fleeing persecution by the Anglican Church and had made a navigation error of nearly 800 km). His goal was Carolina, much further south!
Rise of the city
Founded Is where the Puritans originated. In the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries Massachusetts colony and gets richer thanks to England, notably with the creation, in 1635, of the 1st American school, the Boston Public Latin School, followed by a theological university which will become Harvard. In 1673: first shipyard; 1698: first road map; 1704: printing of the first newspaper (Boston News Letter). Boston's life was then very influenced by the religious values of the puritans, and its inhabitants carved out a reputation for intolerance when they sentenced Mary Dyer, a Quakeress, to be hanged in 1660.
Around 1750, Boston had 15 inhabitants; it was then the third most populous city in the British crown in North America. The activity is flourishing there: shipbuilding, metallurgy, textiles, fishing and distillery ... The port exports wood, flour, whale oil, meat and fish; its merchants return from the Antilles with sugar, rum and molasses. If thecolonial economic boom enriched the merchant class, transatlantic traffic remained under the English monopoly.
Boston and the American Revolution
Boston played a central role before and during the American Revolution. When London imposed a series of taxes and strengthened its military presence in the second half of the 2th century, Bostonians went into rebellion and demand political representation of the colonies in Parliament.
In 1770, a revolt against the new taxes was bloodily suppressed; the " boston massacre ”Provokes the anger of the inhabitants. In 1773, they destroyed the cargo of 3 British ships: this is the famous Boston Tea Party, one of the most famous episodes of the American Revolution. The following year, the English government blocked the port and sent soldiers.
Boston and the War of Independence
La War of the United States of America.
In 1788, Massachusetts became a Federated State of the Union and its governor sits in Boston.
Nicknamed the " Cradle of Liberty Boston pampers its historic sites which remain popular attractions to this day.
Afterwards, through clothing, the leather industry, shipbuilding and machinery manufacturing. The Civil War boosted its industrial production carried by the supply of northern troops.
Power in the city remains in the hands of wealthy families whose genealogy dates back to the first settlers. Some are nicknamed the " Boston Brahmins », Referring to the caste system in India.
However, from 1840, many immigrants arrive in Boston, whose irlandais fleeing famine in their country. They are employed in the textile industry. Then, with the arrival of the Italians, they form a large Catholic community, which does not fail to worry the W domineering.
Boston in the XNUMXth century
First-rate intellectual and cultural center, the city hosted in the nineteenth century and two wars is a country in 1, Boston converts its technical ed '& oeligfaire then counted little in the United States. The United States crisis: John Fitzgerald Kennedy.
Boston's famous business district is a testament to its prosperity.