History and key dates Ardèche, Drôme

History and key dates Ardèche, Drôme

First artists

More than 40 years ago, the first French artists of the Ardé settled in the Chauvet cave.

La DrôNazaire-en-Royans; they left sculptures in the Thais cave before leaving.

First invasions

Delivery charges Celts go up the Rhôromaine is dec. Barely assimilated Roman invaders (or the opposite) than there are others. Land the barbarians. The Cimbri and Teutons.

Roman peace, then Christianization

- Gallo-Romans Drômois and Ardéchois trade with the merchants of the East who introduce into the country the cults of Cybele and Mithra (a little) and Christianity (a lot).

In the third century, here are the Germanic invasions who start again. We defend ourselves. It is the time of the 1st ramparts around the cities.
But the Church asserts her preeminence and watches over the grain, the wheat and the taxes. It is the time of the bishops and archaic monuments give way to churches. Christianity swallows up and digests other religions.

In the XNUMXth century, at Barnard in Romans and from Valcroissant in Die.

In the XNUMXth century, it is the time of the novel. We find various influences: Burgundy or Provençal, with some Italian pages.

The wars

The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries came, and with them the time of crises, famine and Hundred Years War. Bands of sackcloth and rope plundered and cut the towns and villages of Ardèche and Drôme, and beyond, into a regulated cut. A pope had the good idea to leave Rome for Avignon, which will promote the economic development of the Rhone valley in general and the Drôme in particular.

Followed the Wars of Religion. Many hamlets, many villages belonged to the Protestant Republic of Languedoc.

Then came the time of the League, and it was the turn of the Catholics to slaughter everything that did not go to mass. In the end, the Vivarais remained faithful to its pastors, when the Drôme had to leave, with the exception of a few municipal places, the preeminence to the priests.

In the last days of the Old Reêtre one of the first origins of the French Revolution. From Lyon to Marseille, the Rhône will experience the federalist insurrection. But despite these Jacobin pushes, Drôme will remain essentially Girondine.

In the following century, the Drôme will benefit from the industrial revolution, better than the Ardèche.

Finally and at the end, there was the Second war. And here are our Teutons, at least their descendants. The maquis of Vercors and Ardèche, at the cost of martyrdom, will help send them home.

Protestantism and the Wars of Religion

If there are 2 corners of France that were marked by the Wars of Religion, it is the Drôme, and even more so the Ardèche.

The heretic was burnt as the peasant burns the stubble. But around here, there has always been a strong thinking spirit, so a strong spirit of resistance.

So, when the Reformation left Germany and the Swiss cantons and began to cross the mountain by the Dauphiné and the Vercors or bypassing the bottom to go up the Rhône, it found there, in Drôme and Ardèche, a favorable soil to its growth and development. The Reform took hold, in Drôme and especially in Ardèche, like flash in the pan in summer.

The Protestants 'need for freedom and the Catholics' desire for hegemony ended up, here as elsewhere, by finding an unstable balance for the benefit, all the same, of the papists, with the Edict of Nantes.

We continued to fight in Privas.

Then and until the Revolution, it was only repression in Protestant pockets of the Drôme and in the large reformed spaces of the Ardèche. And to ensure this bad move, to completely tighten the Reformation, the late bigot Louis XIV, great fucker but poor policy, revoked the Edict of Nantes. Monumental bullshit.

They made abjure in the Sun sent there his elite legion, his priests to the crime, the dragons to silence forever the Reformation.

To date, Privas and large parts of the Ardèche are remained Protestant, and some places in the Drôme have remained so.

1943-1944: a second form of resistance

There were strong maquis in the Ardè (Tireurs et Partisans) did a hell of a job, and also in the Cévennes.

But it is indisputable that where the Resistance touches the memory of the nation, where the Resistance touches on myth, the sacred, almost religion, it is in the Vercors. Vercors d'Isère and Vercors de Drôme. They were inseparable in the Resistance.
On July 14, 1944, early guerrillas, STO refractors, and even some recent converts to freedom, proclaim the Republic of Vercors.
From July 22 to August 5, 1944, the maquisards oppose 10 against 1. They succumb. The terrible "cleaning" of the Vercors follows. They shoot without trial, kill the wounded, burn farms and destroy villages. But these same German troops will arrive late on the side of Normandy. The little guys did their job: hold back an army to prevent it from being hard at work in the Normandy countryside.

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