Nothing special about this Berry crossroads.
The interest of this environment is the proximity of the different biotopes, and this at very close distances from each other (radical change of landscape every 25 km). Rich in humid environments (springs, fountains, streams, rivers, rivers, marshes, canals, lakes, ponds and more), in cereal plains, limestone or dry lawns, groves, peat bogs, forests and vineyards, Berry is the refuge many remarkable animal and plant species. Here is what we can find and observe in the different spaces.
In the cereal plain and limestone lawns
This landscape, resulting from the intensive agriculture of the postwar period, is made up of the Indre and the south-west of the Cher. The meadows of yesteryear and the small plots of land punctuated by living hedges have given way to areas dedicated to cereals.
Limestone lawns have survived well. A characteristic landscape of the Berry Champagne of yesteryear, it constitutes a crossroads for a multitude of insects and plants of various origins, whether mountainous, Mediterranean, continental or Atlantic.
In the forest and the moors
By rising a little to the top of the large oaks which make up most of the massifs of Berry (Châteauroux forest, Vierzon estate and other small woods of Boischaut), we discover the strong country with its forests of beeches and holly but also Sologne to the north of the Cher, then the heather and birch woodlands. Let us also mention the Berry moors including the heather of the Indre, heather and brush broom, mosses, lichens ...
The forest is proud to be home to the great black woodpecker in spring (largest woodpecker in Europe), which strikes large trees in search of food. The magical moment is autumn for the colors of the leaves, of course, but above all listening to the large deer roaring.
Other rare massifs, the primary and alluvial forests of the edge of the Loire (no intervention of the man on this wild territory) which evolve like virgin forests. Insect lovers will be delighted.
In the grove
Mêsouris which hibernate in the old limestone quarries.
The many streams are home to brown trout and white-footed crayfish, which have become very rare and replaced by its invasive American cousin.
In wet meadows and bogs
Small mention for these spaces that we still find for example in the Yèvre valley with the corncrake (bird protected worldwide), but also the sundew, a small carnivorous plant as funny as anything and the flooded lycopod (protected) .
In the valleys
Like everywhere else, life centers around a water point. The Berry, a real water tower, gives birth and refuge to an exceptional flora and fauna in the valleys through which a river flows: the Indre valley, the Creuse valley (granite) and the limestone cliffs of the Anglin.
- The Loire : it is a real green lung over more than 60 km, a paradise for migrants who find a restorative stopover on their central migration corridor. The middle Loire is home to a nature reserve upstream from Sancerre. The many branches of the Loire, dead or active (depending on the level of the river) are essential places for lovers of wild nature.
- La Brenne: wetland of European interest, now a regional natural park (ponds, dry lawns, humid and mesophilic meadows, hillocks and small sandstone mounds), it is the paradise of aquatic insects, amphibians and water birds.