Geography and landscapes Normandy


Geography and landscapes Normandy

Normandy was built around morphological contacts between land and sea, between the Paris Basin and the Armorican Massif. It rests on a base of rocks, a vestige of an ancient mountain range, Hercynian (primary era), which erosion has dismantled, a bit like the Massif Central.

The embankment of the rivers in the ancient rocks of the Armorican Massif creates a certain relief from which are born gorges and belvederes which are not without charming fishermen and walkers.
Normandy can boast of having some beautiful reliefs to its credit. It remains nonetheless a bocage, whose hills of Perche, Mont des Avaloirs and the signal of the forest of Écouves (417 m) represent the highest massifs of western France, emerging from dense vegetation.



Normandy and its some 500 km of coastline also offer to see coves and cliffs, like those in the Pays de Caux, or fine sandy beaches, like the Côte Fleurie and the Cotentin. At the end, at the top, the evocation is even stronger, the rocky coves of the Hague peninsula give a good scent to distant Ireland.

Upper Normandy

Haute-Normandie has dede-France with its low hills and short Normandy valley, but the plains are no longer a secret! - we saw better. The sunstroke is one of the lowest in France (almost twice inféen-Provence) and the rainfall among the highest (more than 150 rainy days over the year).

MéNormandie

Lower Normandy

Basse-Normandie has, as for goouest - northeast, alternating between low hills and calm valleys beyond bocage, we sometimes come across areas of Swamp and small expanses of moors, familiar with Breton landscapes.
Regarding the climate, the inhabitants of the eastern part are less watered than in the west but are equally subject to the vagaries of an oceanic climate.



MéNormandie and preNormandie

Famous Norman sites

Finally, there are these assets that Normandy has trouble with Saint-Michel from where the sea sometimes retreats as far as the eye can see, this valley of the Seine with its meanders, its chalky hillsides and its abbeys, and these no less famous cliffs. d'Étretat, one of the most beautiful natural sites in France, born from the vagaries of nature and the height of erosion.

Environment

Today, Normandy is mainly agricultural, industrial, residential and urban, and the quality of the environment suffers. Grassland becomes plowing, factories and port areas mark the landscapes, suburban fabrics extend around towns.
But fortunately there is still a Normandy endowed with natural resources and an environmental heritage, more secret than the half-timbering and old stones.

The proximity to the Paris region has long upset the traditional Norman rural balance. The Seine valley, the economic center which links Le Havre to Paris, is seen as one of the most important poles in the energy, petrochemical and chemical sectors.

Normandy counts four natural parks réMaine, and the bocage du Perche).
Le Normandy coast is better and better protected by the Conservatoire du littoral and the departments. Despite the historical pressure from people and activities, the Norman wild flora and fauna remain rich and varied.

Finally, Normandy does not lack eitherecological attractions : large forests, intimate swamps and game, multiple rivers and small coastal rivers.

Economy

Good Norman cows under apple trees, meadows protected by hedges, a green grove. For a long time, Normandy was reduced to this bucolic image of the PTT calendar, camembert and cider in addition. It's not really wrong, but it's still a cliché.
Today, Normandy is mainly agricultural, industrial, residential and urban, and the quality of the environment suffers. Grassland becomes plowing, factories and port areas mark the landscapes, suburban fabrics extend around towns.
But fortunately there remains a Normandy endowed with natural resources and a environmental heritage, more secret than half-timbering and old stones.



The proximity to the Paris region has long upset the traditional Norman rural balance. The Seine valley, the economic center which links Le Havre to Paris, is seen as one of the most important poles in the sectors of energy, petrochemicals and chemicals.


In MatièMaine and the bocage du Perche).
The Normandy coast is particularly well protected by the Coastal Conservatory and departments.
Despite the historical pressure from people and activities, the Norman wild flora and fauna remain rich and varied. The flora is original in the many types of forests with different soils, on dunes and limestone hillsides, wild lawns exposed to the south, almost southern and rich in orchids in June. The fauna even becomes a source of activity for specialized audiences: you can observe many birds, especially during periods of migration, and seals in the bay of Veys, listen to the roar of the deer around Rouen ...


Finally, Normandy also has no shortage of flower-filled shops in spring), Swamp intimate and gamey, without forgetting, of course, multiple rivers and small coastal rivers, only equaled in majesty by the slopes of the major river: the Seine.
Everywhere secret corners of unspoiled countryside, charming villages, remarkable parks and gardens, sunken lanes, fields of poppies, smiling agricultural plains where harriers return.
As a bonus, you are never far from the coast, which offers superb walks around the cliffs, on small pebble beaches at the end of the valleys or on vast expanses of bare sand at low tide, hidden behind the dunes, in estuaries and sandy harbors (a specificity of the Channel), or even on a few islets of character.





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