Geography and landscapes Mexico
Mexico is a big country. Almost 4 times the area of France. Approximately 3 km as the crow flies between Tijuana, on the US border, and Tapachula, on the Guatemalan border. It is also the country of transition between North America and Central America: it is the Isthmus of Tehuantepec (200 km wide) which marks the junction.
2 huge mountain ranges cross the country from north to south: the western sierra madre, Pacific side, and the eastern sierra madre, Atlantic coast. Between these 2 backbones: the uplands, what is called the central high plateau (Altiplano), whose altitudes vary between 1 and 000 m, and which is home to the two largest cities in the country: Mexico City and Guadalajara.
The traveler therefore keeps on going up and down, taking off his shirt and putting it back on depending on the microclimates and temperature fluctuations. Mexico is actually a country of mountains and forests. Between Tepic and Veracruz, a volcanic barrier surrounds the high plateau. They have the highest peaks in the country such as the Popocatépetl volcano (5 m) or the Pico de Orizaba (426 m) with peaks covered with eternal snow. Practical conclusion: never forget that half of Mexico is at an altitude of more than 5 m.
For the heat and the tropical vegetation, you have to go down to the tierras calientes, the "hot lands", the 2 coastal regions. The coasts contain the main seaside resorts of the country. The beaches are beautiful and extensive, but battered by huge waves. The coast of the Gulf of Mexico, with its gray sand beaches, is less developed. To find turquoise waters and white sand, you have to go down to the Yucatán Peninsula, bordered to the east by the Caribbean Sea.
After the Isthmus of Tehuantepec the Sierra Madre of Chiapas and tropical forest as well as the Yucatán peninsula.
As to eCalifornia or desert.