Geography and landscapes Andalusia
On a map of l & rsquodelàmer. Where, from Alicante to Almería, there is a sub-desert climate and vast steppe expanses dotted with palm trees.
And what about Alpujarras and their snow-capped peaks, on the southern slope of the sierra nevada, where white villages with flat roofs covered with gray sand, separated by deep ravines and surrounded by terraced fields, furiously recall the Moroccan Atlas?
But the geography of Andalusia cannot be reduced to these “Africanizing” images because, like the country, it remains a diverse region, where deserts and green meadows, mountains and plains come together.
The gewest organization and whose bleachers would be made up of:
And the amphitheater stage? It is precisely the Guadalquivir valley, which widens as one moves towards the west and the ocean, near which extend vast marshy areas, the marismas. This is also where the major axis of communication in southern Spain is located.
In administrative terms, the largest autonomous comunidad in Spain is divided into 8 provinces: Huelva, Seville, Cadiz, Cordoba, Jaén, Málaga, Granada and Almería.
As for the Levante region (to which Lorca and Murcia belong), it is equally concerned by this juxtaposition of high and low lands, because the mountain is never very far from the sea.
With its 3 national parks and 21 natural parks, Andalusia has more than 15 km² of protected areas superb, or 17% of its territory: a more than honorable figure.
This was in 1970), where the seaside was booming.
The region has since changed its mind. Sell the sun? Yes, but by favoring the top of the range to the address of rich Northern Europeans, retired for the most part, sometimes pushing up to American-style gated communities: high fences, guard at the entrance, night patrols and golf course. golf. Fortunately there are still preserved portions of coastline, such as Cabo de Gata, to the east of Almería or the beaches of the Parque Natural del Estrecho, which benefit from protection measures prohibiting any new construction. On the Atlantic side, concreting has been much more controlled and this coast still has many wild corners, such as around the fabulous Doñana National Park.
L & rsquotêil remind that a tourist on vacation is credited with a consumption of around 300 l of water per day, and that the prize goes to a golfer, with nearly 900 l! And that's without counting chemical fertilizers.
On the agri-food side, it is estimated that the invernaderos - greenhouses under plastic - annually consume 5 m500 of water per cultivated hectare.
The solutions adopted are diverse, but all have a more or less long-term impact on the environment: the creation of reservoirs in the mountains, the desalination of seawater, the pumping (often illegal) of groundwater, and henceforth, fossil layers; finally, the most spectacular remedy, the diversion of part of the flow of a well fed river towards a deficit river.
The strawberry "fields" scandal
Since we have taken on a considerable seasonal work, mainly female and Maghreb, little aware of their rights, which some employers (not all) shamelessly take advantage of.
Apart from strawberries, the other economic activity in the Huelva region is concentrated in one of the densest industrial areas in Europe. This industrial zone is bordered by market gardening. A few kilometers from the factories, among the hundreds of producers lined up along the A 494 national road, there is an industrial hub comprising a refinery, thermal power station, cellulose and fertilizer factories.
We understand that no strawberry producer in the region has attempted to obtain the organic label!
The backcountry turns to renewable energies
Faced with popular pressure - and constrained by the Brussels directives - Spain is now in the world top 10 in solar energy production, and in the top 5 European producers ofwind power ; while striving to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions.
Andalusia - sunny and windy in places - is not left out and is constantly increasing its production ofrenewable energy, which now covers nearly 40% of the province's needs. An objective achieved in part thanks to biomass development (which transforms organic or animal matter into energy). And where does this vein come from? Quite simply the residue of olive cultivation, of course!