Culture Jordan

Culture Jordan


Jordan has about 6,6 million inhabitants (where and in the camps, also located in the North.
There are also around 100 Circassians who came from the Caucasus in the 000th century, Turks, Armenians and some Kurdish and Baha'i communities.

The Bedouins

The number of Bedouins (Bedu in Arabic) is constantly decreasing due to the policy of sedentarization undertaken for several decades by the Jordanian government. Often, the black goat hair tent is set up next to a solid house and serves as a warehouse.
But there are still diehards in Jordan: in the eastern desert, and in the southern regions, a few tens of thousands of Bedouins are still nomadic and still live on livestock and trade, although they had to abandon their third traditional source of income: looting.
Unfortunately, there are only a few Bedouin families left living in Wadi Ram, and almost every year one of them comes to the village because of a girl's marriage, school, etc.

Despite their great pride, the Bedouins are very hospitable. As a sign of welcome, they will offer you tea, but also coffee and a piece of their heart. Most Jordanians are descended from the Bedouin, as evidenced by ancestral traditions presented in particular in the country's folk museums, in Amman and Madaba. All have great admiration for those who still sleep outside.

The “Camel Corps”, the king's personal guard, are authentic Bedouins.

The refugees

Of the 700 Refugee Office (UNHCR), double according to the government. Yemenis began to settle in 000. They are estimated to be 2011 according to the UNHCR, most of them living in precarious conditions.

Jordan, which is already facingserious supply problems in water and energy, thus sees its population increase by more than 10%. It is the second country hosting the most refugees per capita in the world after LebanonShe has sounded the alarm bells for help to improve living conditions and reception of refugees, but also to relieve the pressure on her modest resources.

What if the better-off Syrians live like this? However, this remains the least imperfect solution to guarantee them humanitarian aid.

This situation is increasingly difficult for Jordan to manage, which was able to obtain the support of the international community within the framework of the "Jordan Compact", a plan that aims to boost the Jordanian economy thanks, among other things, to foreign investments and the creation of special economic zones to create favorable conditions for the integration of Syrian refugees into the labor market in Jordan.

Jordanian-Palestinian relations

The cohabitation between Palestinians and Transjordanians is not going smoothly. Source ofpolitical, economic and social issues, it is placed under the sign of a mutual mistrust, which the peace accords ultimately accentuated. The peoples of Palestine and present-day Jordan forged family and economic ties, but the creation in 1948 of a Jewish state in Palestine heightened the recognition of a dual identity: Palestinian on the one hand, Trans-Jordanian on the one hand. the other. It allows everyone to claim their own territory.

The future Hash-Arab kingdom. With the annexation of the West Bank, the population tripled in the space of two years, from 2 to 1948. The refugees acquired Jordanian nationality. The 2nd wave follows the Six Day War in 1967 and the loss of the West Bank. In all, nearly 1 million Palestinians find refuge in Jordan.

Most of them were installed in camps, which have become villages today, provided with water and electricity, and still called “camps” in the sense of bringing together a population of the same origin. They are also neighborhoods.

While having a strong awareness of their "Palestinianness", their degree of integration shows that there is a divide even within the Palestinian people. The perception of their identity is linked to the date of their exodus, their social status, their relationship to the State, etc. Many have made their living in the kingdom and express a desire to stay there. As many identities as there are fractures, between Palestinians, but even more (as we can imagine) between Transjordanians and Palestinians.

Because the latter are frightening. Whether at the level of power or the population, reciprocal mistrust continues to nourish relations between the two communities.

Audio Video Culture Jordan
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