Culture and Arts Qatar


Culture and Arts Qatar

Sharia

The term is ge la mannerdelà.

The Koran only mentions that in fact seems to have been established over the centuries under the guidance of great doctrinal schools, by exegesis of sacred texts, so as to precisely define the behaviors and rules to be followed by a Muslim in all areas of life.

Along with the oral tradition relating the facts and gestures of the prophet. From this set emerged fiqh, Islamic jurisprudence.



From the first times, in the absence of a supreme guarantor of dogmas, several currents of interpretation appeared: Malekism, Hanafism, Chafeism and Hanbalism. The hanbalism, the most conservative, predominates in Qatar : he advocates the divine origin of law, denying it any rationalist approach. The differences between these currents not being nevertheless considered to be fundamental, all are said to be "conform", unlike Shiism and other doctrines perceived as heretical by the Sunnis.

In Qatar, L & rsquoci prohibits in particular the consumption of alcohol by Muslims and sexual relations outside marriage (punishable by 100 lashes), provides for the amputation of the hands of thieves, the stoning of adulterous couples and the death penalty for them. homosexuals. Legally speaking, the testimony of a woman can be considered half as important as that of a man or even inadmissible ...

In a more practical and daily way, everything stops at the time of 5 daily prayers (varies from day to day)… including school and university courses. Without deviating from its principles, Qatar is nevertheless trying to adapt to the realities of the wider world.

So, parallel Muslims. On a daily basis, the latter can obtain a special permit giving them the right, within specific limits, to buy alcohol, sausage and other bacon from the Qatar Distribution Company ...
More broadly, if the death penalty, inseparable from Sharia law, is preserved, no execution has taken place for over a decade.



The confrontation between the réqatari Voltaire of Doha, where it was a question of prohibiting co-education from secondary school (classes stop for the time being at CM2) and of imposing the teaching of Sharia on Muslim students of the establishment.

In Qatar, as in many Muslim countries, the separation of religion and politics simply does not exist.

Pearls

Once upon a time before oil. Until World War II, the main wealth of the Persian Gulf was under its warm waters: pearls.

Around 1900, several thousand shallow boats likely to shelter the oyster containing the rare pearl… Descending in apnea, up to 30 m, with a rock in the arms to reach the bottom more quickly, they were brought up by men who remained on board using ropes to increase efficiency. Decompression accidents were frequent. For what booty? Each ton of seashells delivered at best 3 or 4 pearls of value.

He was in debt to the tawawish, the pearl merchant. Some organized themselves into cooperatives, setting aside part of the profits to finance the following season. But as Sheikh Mohamed bin Thani said in 1877: “from the noblest to the most humble, we are all slaves to one master: the pearl”.

The discovery of petroleum and the introduction at the same time of Japanese cultured pearls put an end to the tradition. But it should come as no surprise that, nearly a century later, Qatar named its new artificial islands The Pearl and gave them the shape of oysters surrounding a central islet… The largest private collection of pearls in the world belongs to a Qatari businessman, Hussein al Fardan. Among its jewels: the largest pearl in the world, estimated at 276 carats!



Wahhabism

Its name, long remained the name of its promoter, Sheikh Mohamed ben Abdel Wahhab.

Ce islamic movemente attaches to a conservative interpretation of Sharia arising from and going beyond that of the Hanbali school, which rejects any part of personal interpretation to favor a strict application of the precepts as they are contained in the Koran and the Sunnah. Wahhabism is therefore a kind of fundamentalism whose goal is to return to a refined and original version of the Muslim faith, "in direct contact with God", which is in essence opposed to ijtihâd, the effort of interpretation led by the ulemas and muftis.


For the Wahhabis, the four main Sunni currents are all heretics because of their temporal deviations. And conversely, for the majority currents, Wahhabism is, like the close Salafism, an extremist sect. Some even accuse him of justifying by religion old local pagan customs (such as the extremely subordinate role of women).

C & rsquoparole, at home and beyond to the point of compatibility ...

However, despite their religious proximity, Qatar is opposed to Saudi Arabia on many political levels: where the neighboring giant supports the Sunni radicals and the Salafists, Qatar turns out to be closer to the Muslim Brotherhood ... Difficult to navigate for a Westerner not imbued with the values ​​of each other.






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