Australia Identity Card
- Area: 7 km² Population: 25 inhabitants (180 estimate).
- Capital city : Canberra.
- Density Official language : English.
- Change : Australian dollar.
- Ré Prime Minister : Head of state : Queen Elizabeth II.
- UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Great BarrièKata Tjuta, the humid tropics of Queensland, Shark Bay (Western Australia), Fraser Island, Australian mammal fossil sites (Riversleigh / Naracoorte), Macquarie Island, Heard and McDonald Islands, the Blue Mountains region, Purnululu National Park, the Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens in Melbourne, the Sydney Opera House, the Australian convict sites, the Ningaloo Coast.
L & rsquo2020), and wages are much higher than most European countries (the Australian hourly minimum wage is much higher than in France).
Budgetary reforms and austerity
L & rsquo1970. These different cycles seem to belong to the past. The country has adapted to the economic crises of the past 30 years, with a great liberal politics : deregulation, globalization and flexibility are the guidelines. The Australian government has undertaken a number of reforms to soften the contours of an economy, until then very administered: abolition of the indexation of wages on prices, privatization of public companies, reduction of customs duties ... All coupled with a budgetary rigor, making Australia one of the few countries in the world without debt.
The service sector
The tertiary sector represents the United Kingdom, Japan, the United States, but the greatest increase is to be blamed on India and China.
Agriculture and industry
Australia remains a vast agricultural country. It is often presented by economists as "the farm of the world", and exports the majority of its agricultural production. Yet this highly concentrated sector employs barely 4% of the working population. 75% of cultivated land is devoted to cereals. Australia also has one of the largest sheep herds in the world.
Australia is a major producer and exporter of minerals: it has the world's largest reserves of many strategic resources (like uranium). Gold has also made the country's fortune. Australia finally has huge reserves of natural gas and oil.
An iron lady on the decline
The industry has experienced spectacular development since 1945, particularly in the field of heavy and agrifood industries. They represent 25% of exports. They enhance and transform what the country produces, namely raw agricultural and mining materials (slaughterhouses, sugar factories, textiles, iron and steel, aluminum, etc.). Even if it still represents nearly a third of the GDP, the sector has been in decline for several years, consequence of a protectionist policy and the poor export market in this domain. Like other developed countries,
Australia is slowly continuing its slow path towards deindustrialization ...
One of the leading exporting countries in the world
The tool trade and mateUnis and New Zealand. In this perspective, she signed an exchange with China.