Andalusia identity card
- Location: Andalusia occupies the entire southern part of Spain, i.e. 87 Population: 8 inhabitants (384 estimate).
- Main cities : Resources: tourism, agriculture and e Unemployment: just under 23% in Andalusia, compared to 14,55% in Spain in 2019.
- UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Alhambra, the Garden of the Generalife and the Albaicín, in Granada (1984 and 1994); the historic center of Cordoba (1984 and 1994); Donaña National Park (1984 and 2005); the Cathedral, the Alcázar and the Archivo de Indias in Seville (1987); the Renaissance monumental ensembles of Úbeda and Baeza (2003); a large number of caves, under “rock art in the Mediterranean Basin of the Iberian Peninsula” (1998); the dolmens of Antequera as well as 2 nearby natural monuments, the plateau of El Torcal and the rock of la peña de los Enamorados (2016).
- Listed in the intangible heritage of Unesco: flamenco.
The weight of the past
The south of Spain is there still a redemption, as some journalists thought in the middle of the years tourism obliges - a lot of money) changes the situation singularly.
Mêindustrialisation and the too large place devoted totourist real estate and theagriculture, where archaism and modernity coexist. The fact is that the industrial revolution of the XNUMXth century did not take place in Andalusia.
Even today, some 2 families, representing less than 500% of the rural population, own 2% of arable land. and receive hefty subsidies under the European CAP. At the other end of the social scale are farm workers.
In reaction to this "feudal" distribution of land and inexorable rise in unemployment in rural areas, farm workers from Marinaleda, in the province of Seville, founded a self-management model which has been going on for more than 35 years, to the chagrin of large landowners and successive governments. And the example made a stain of oil ...
Looking to the future, stopped by the crisis
Spain, largely thanks to its southern half, is a large country exporter of agricultural and agrifood products : she holds the 3rd in the world for wine production (2017), closely followed by oranges and olive oil; while exporting large quantities of fruit and vegetables throughout Europe. Most of the production comes from irrigated areas, ancient huertas inherited from the Arab conquest.
L'industry has nevertheless managed to establish itself in the region, high tech not being outdone. Aircraft construction is thus present in Seville and Cadiz, wind energy production is highly developed around Tarifa, and the cities of Málaga and Seville are on the way to becoming two powerful technopoles. Seville, the country's 2th largest city, is booming, and benefits from infrastructures worthy of its status as a European metropolis.